Open Access
Research (Published online: 18-03-2019)
3. Helicobacter pullorum in broiler chickens and the farm environment: A One Health approach
Soe Soe Wai, Saleha Abdul-Aziz, Asinamai Athliamai Bitrus, Zakaria Zunita and Jalila Abu
International Journal of One Health, 5: 20-25

Soe Soe Wai: Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
Saleha Abdul-Aziz: Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
Asinamai Athliamai Bitrus: Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; Research Unit in Microbial Food Safety and Antimicrobial Resistance, Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, 10330 Bangkok, Thailand.
Zakaria Zunita: Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
Jalila Abu: Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

doi: 10.14202/IJOH.2019.20-25

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Article history: Received: 13-11-2018, Accepted: 28-01-2019, Published online: 18-03-2019

Corresponding author: Saleha Abdul-Aziz


Citation: Wai SS, Abdul-Aziz S, Bitrus AA, Zunita Z, Abu J. Helicobacter pullorum in broiler chickens and the farm environment: A One Health approach. Int J One Health 2019;5:20-25.

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of Helicobacter pullorum in broiler chickens and their farm environment.

Materials and Methods: The ceca from 100 broiler chickens from ten farms were sampled from processing sites or markets. The cecal contents were aseptically collected from each cecum and cultured. The farms were visited, and environmental samples were collected which included water, house flies, floor swabs and soils in chicken houses.

Results: H. pullorum was present in 51% of the broilers; 17.5% of the flies were found to carry H. pullorum and Campylobacter spp., 30% of house floors were positive, while all water samples were negative.

Conclusion: Flies could have picked up the organisms from the chickens' feces and/or the environment of the chicken houses or they could be one of the sources in the spread of the organisms. This study also showed that broiler chickens are potential reservoirs for H. pullorum and may serve as a source of infection for humans through the food chain.

Keywords: broiler chickens, Campylobacter, Helicobacter pullorum, house flies.


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