Article history: Received: 13-11-2018, Accepted: 28-01-2019, Published online: 18-03-2019
Corresponding author: Saleha Abdul-Aziz
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgCitation: Wai SS, Abdul-Aziz S, Bitrus AA, Zunita Z, Abu J. Helicobacter pullorum in broiler chickens and the farm environment: A One Health approach. Int J One Health 2019;5:20-25.
Aim: This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of Helicobacter pullorum in broiler chickens and their farm environment.
Materials and Methods: The ceca from 100 broiler chickens from ten farms were sampled from processing sites or markets. The cecal contents were aseptically collected from each cecum and cultured. The farms were visited, and environmental samples were collected which included water, house flies, floor swabs and soils in chicken houses.
Results: H. pullorum was present in 51% of the broilers; 17.5% of the flies were found to carry H. pullorum and Campylobacter spp., 30% of house floors were positive, while all water samples were negative.
Conclusion: Flies could have picked up the organisms from the chickens' feces and/or the environment of the chicken houses or they could be one of the sources in the spread of the organisms. This study also showed that broiler chickens are potential reservoirs for H. pullorum and may serve as a source of infection for humans through the food chain.
Keywords: broiler chickens, Campylobacter, Helicobacter pullorum, house flies.
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