International Journal of One Health

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Research (Published online: 01-10-2016)

7. Prevalence and multidrug resistance pattern of Salmonella isolated from resident wild birds of Bangladesh - Abdullah Al Faruq, Mohammad Mahmudul Hassan, Mohammad Mejbah Uddin, Mohammad Lutfur Rahman, Tofazzal Md. Rakib, Mahabub Alam and Ariful Islam

International Journal of One Health, 2: 35-41

 

 

  doi: 10.14202/IJOH.2016.35-41

 

 

Abdullah Al Faruq: Department of Anatomy and Histology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chittagong 4225, Bangladesh; faruqabdullahal103@gmail.com

Mohammad Mahmudul Hassan: Department of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chittagong 4225, Bangladesh; miladhasan@yahoo.com

Mohammad Mejbah Uddin: Department of Anatomy and Histology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chittagong 4225, Bangladesh; mmu_cvasu@yahoo.com

Mohammad Lutfur Rahman: Department of Anatomy and Histology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chittagong 4225, Bangladesh; labibacvasu2012@yahoo.com

Tofazzal Md. Rakib: Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chittagong 4225, Bangladesh; rakibtofazzal367@gmail.com

Mahabub Alam: Department of Animal Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chittagong 4225, Bangladesh; mahabub38@yahoo.com

Ariful Islam: EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY, USA; Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), Mohakhali 1212, Bangladesh; arif@ecohealthalliance.org

 

Received: 05-08-2016, Accepted: 19-09-2016, Published online: 01-10-2016

 

Corresponding author: Mohammad Mahmudul Hassan, e-mail: miladhasan@yahoo.com


Citation: Faruq AA, Hassan MM, Uddin MM, Rahman ML, Rakib TM, Alam M, Islam A. Prevalence and multidrug resistance pattern of Salmonella isolated from resident wild birds of Bangladesh. Int J One Health 2016;2:35-41.


Abstract


Aim: Salmonellosis is one of the most common zoonotic diseases, and the presence of antimicrobial resistant Salmonella in wild birds is global public health threat. Throughout the last decades, multidrug resistance of Salmonella spp. has increased, particularly in developing countries. Therefore, a cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of Salmonella spp. and antimicrobial resistance pattern against Salmonella spp. from two species of resident wild birds namely house crow (Corvus splendens) and Asian pied starling (Gracupica contra).

Materials and Methods: Samples were collected from cloacal swabs of house crows and Asian pied starling for isolating Salmonella spp. (bacteriological culture methods) followed by antimicrobial susceptibility testing (disk diffusion method) against Salmonella spp. isolates during March to December 2014.

Results: The prevalence of Salmonella in Asian pied starling and house crows were 67% and 65%, respectively. Within the category of samples from different species, the variation in prevalence was not varied significantly (p>0.05). Isolated Salmonella spp. was tested for resistance to six different antimicrobial agents. Among six antimicrobial tested, 100% resistance were found to penicillin, oxacillin, and clindamycin followed by erythromycin (50-93%), kanamycin (7-20%), and cephalothin (30-67%) from both species of birds. Kanamycin remained sensitive in (70-73%), cephalothin (26-70%), and erythromycin appeared to be (0-30%) sensitive against Salmonella spp. isolates. Isolated Salmonella spp. was multidrug resistant up to three of the six antimicrobials tested.

Conclusion: It can be said that the rational use of antimicrobials needs to be adopted in the treatment of disease for livestock, poultry, and human of Bangladesh to limit the emergence of drug resistance to Salmonella spp.

Keywords: antimicrobial, prevalence, resistance, resident wild birds, Salmonella.


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